Failure Modes and Effects Criticality Analysis (glossary)
FMECA is a methodical process that provides identification of all the probable ways that parts, assemblies, and the system may fail, the causes for each failure, and the effect that the failure will have on the capability for the system to perform its mission is essential in the system design process. (DAU 2012)
DAU. 2012. "Defense Acquisition University, Acquisition Community Connection." Accessed on 11 September 2012. Available at https://acc.dau.mil/CommunityBrowser.aspx?id=28905.