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The following is a list of acronyms and abbreviations which are used within the SEBoK.

SEBoK Acronyms. (Table Developed for BKCASE)
Acronym Definition
AADL Architecture Analysis and Design Language
AAS Advanced Automation System
ABD Architecture Block Diagram
ACM Association for Computing Machinery
ACS Automated Case Support
ADM Architecture Development Method
AECL Atomic Energy of Canada
AF Architecture Framework
AF CSE Air Force Center for Systems Engineering (USA)
AFI Air Force Instruction (USA)
AFIT Air Force Institute of Technology (USA)
AFRI Air Force Research Lab (USA)
AHP Analytical Hierarchy Process
AIA Aerospace Industries Association
AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (USA)
AIT (1) Analysis and Integration Team

(2) Assembling, Integrating, and Testing

ALT Accelerated Life Testing
ANSI American National Standards Institute
AP-233 Application Protocol for Systems Engineering Data Exchange
API Application Program Interface
APPEL Academy Program/Project & Engineering Leadership
ASAECP Aerospace Systems Architecting and Engineering Certificate Program
ASHE American Society of Hospital Engineering
ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASQ American Society for Quality
ASTM American Society for Testing & Materials
AT&L Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (US DoD)
ATAM Architecture Trademark Analysis Method
ATC Air Traffic Control
B2B Business to Business
B2C Business to Consumer
B2G Business to Government
BCRM Business Capability Road Map
BDD Block Definition Diagram
BIM Building Information Modeling
BIT Built-in Test
BKCASE Body of Knowledge and Curriculum to Advance Systems Engineering
BOK Body of Knowledge
BPM (1) Business Process Modeling

(2) Business Process Management

BPMN Business Process Modeling Notation
BSI British Standards Institution
BSS Business Support System
C&A Certification and Accreditation
C2 Command and Control
C4ISR Command, Control, Communications, Intelligence, Information, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance
CAA Certification and Accreditation
CAS (1) Complex Adaptive System

(2) Collision Avoidance System

CASE Complex Adaptive Systems Engineering
CBK Common Body of Knowledge
CCB Change Control Board
CCR Configuration Change Requirement
CDF Cumulative Distribution Function
CDR Critical Design Review
CDRL Contractor Data Requirements List
CE Compromising Emission
CI Continuous Improvement
CIMOSA Computer Integrated Manufacturing Open System Architecture
CIO Chief Information Officer
CISSP Certified Information Systems Security Professional
CM Configuration Management
CMM Capability Maturity Model
CMMI Capability Maturity Model Integration
CO Contract Officer
COCOMO Constructive Cost Model
CONOPS Concept of Operations
CorBoK Core Body of Knowledge (see also GRCSE)
COSYSMO Constructive Systems Engineering Cost Model
COTS Commercial-off-the-Shelf
CPC Corrosion Prevention and Control
CPI Continuous Process Improvement
CRM Customer Relationship Management
CSF Critical Success Factor
CSI Continuous Service Improvement
CST Critical Systems Thinking
D/C IM Design/Construction Interface Manual
DAU Defense Acquisition University (USA)
DCR Design Certification Review
DE Digital Engineering
DFD Data Flow Diagram
DFDD DGIWG Feature Data Dictionary
DFX Design for “X”
DGWIG Defence Geospatial Information Working Group
DHS Department of Homeland Security (USA)
DIA Denver International Airport
DIS Distributed Interactive Simulation
DLA Defense Logistics Agency
DMADV Define, Measure, Analyze, Design, Verify
DMAIC Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control
DMSMS Diminishing Manufacturing Sources and Material Shortages
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DoD Department of Defense (DoD)
DoDAF Department of Defense Architecture Framework (USA)
DoDD Department of Defense Directive (USA)
DoDI Department of Defense Instruction (USA)
DoJ Department of Justice (USA)
DoT Department of Transporation (USA)
DSM Design Structure Matrix
DTC Design to Cost
DTM Digital Terrain Model
E&M Electrical and Machinery
EA Enterprise Architecture
EC European Commission
ECP Engineering Change Proposal
ECHA European Chemicals Agency
ECP Engineering Change Proposal
ECR Engineering Change Request
EDP Evaluation and Discussion Point
EE&A Enterprise Evaluation and Assessment
EESH Energy, Environmental, Safety and Health Management
eFFBD Enhanced Functional Flow Block Diagram
EIS Environmental Impact Statement
EISA Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (USA)
EM Enterprise Modeling
EMC Electromagnetic Capability
EMI Electromagnetic Interference
EMP Electromagnetic Pulse
EPA Environmental Protection Agency (USA)
ERB Engineering Review Board
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning
ES Engineered System
ESE Enterprise Systems Engineering
e-TOM Enhanced-Telecomm Operations Map
F3I Form, Fit, Function, and Interface
FAA Federal Aviation Administration (USA)
FAST Function Analysis System Technique
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (USA)
FCC Federal Communications Commission (USA)
FDA Food and Drug Administration (USA)
FDIR Failure Detection, Identification, and Recovery
FEAF Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (USA)
FEEP Foreign Excess Personal Property
FFBD Functional Flow Block Diagram
FMEA Failure Modes and Effects Analysis
FMECA Failure Modes, Effects, and Criticality Analysis
FONSI Finding of No Significant Impact
FoS Federation of Systems
FPMR Federal Property Management Regulation
FRACA Failure Reporting and Corrective Actions
FRACAS Failure Reporting and Corrective Action System
FRP Full-Rate Production
FUML Foundational Subset for Executable UML Models
G2B Government to Business
G2C Government to Consumer
G2G Government to Government
GAO Government Accountability Office (USA)
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GERAM Generalize Enterprise Reference Architecture and Methodology
GIGO Garbage In Garbage Out
GGE Geospatial/Geodetic Engineering
GIS Geographic Information System
GMDSS Global Maritime Distress and Safety System
GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System
GOTS Government-off-the-Shelf
GPS Global Positioning System
GQM Goal-Question-Metric
GRCSE Graduate Reference Curriculum for Systems Engineering
GST General System Theory
HAZMAT Hazardous Materials
HCI Human-Computer Interaction
HEMP High-altitude Electromagnetic Pulse
HFE Human Factors Engineering
HLA High-Level Architecture
HMI Human-Machine Interface
HNA Host Nation Approval
HNC Host Nation Coordination
HRO High Reliability Organization
HSI Human Systems Integration
HST Hubble Space Telescope
HWCI Hardware Configuration Item
HWIL Hardware in the Loop
IBD Internal Block Diagram
IBM International Business Machines
ICM Incremental Commitment Model
ICSM Incremental Commitment Spiral Model
ICT Information and Communications Technology
IDEF0 Integration Definition for Functional Modeling
IE Industrial Engineering
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
IFSR International Federation for Systems Research
IHO International Hydrographic Organization
IID Incremental and Iterative Development
ILS Integrated Logistics Support
IM Information Management
IMS Integrated Master Schedule
INCOSE International Council on Systems Engineering
IOC Initial Operating Capability
IP (1) Internet Protocol

(2) Intellectual Property

IPDP Integrated Product Development Process
IPDT Integrated Product Development Team
IPR In-Progress Review
IPS Integrated Product Support
IPT Integrated Product Team
IPV6 Internet Protocol Version 6
IRAC Interdepartment Radio Advisory Committee
IRL Integration Readiness Level
ISDT Integrated Service Development Team
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ISOC Internet Society
ISP Internet Service Provider
ISSS (1)International System Safety Society

(2)International Society for the Systems Sciences

(3)Initial Sector Suit System

IT Information Technology
ITIL Information Technology Infrastructure Library
ITS Intelligent Transportation System
ITS-ETO Intelligent Transport System-Emergency Transportation Operation
ITSM Information Technology Services Management
ITU International Telecommunications Union
KA Knowledge Area
KPI Key Performance Indicator
KPP Key Performance Parameter
KSAA Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, and Attitudes
LBS Location Based Service
LCC Life Cycle Cost
LCM Life Cycle Management
LEfSE Lean Enablers for Systems Engineering
LORA Level of Repair Analysis
LRU Line Replaceable Unit
LSE (1) Lean Systems Engineering

(2) Lead Systems Engineer

LSE WG Lean Systems Engineering Working Group (INCOSE)
MA Mission Analysis
MARTE Modeling and Analysis for Real-Time and Embedded Systems
MBE Model-Based Engineering
MBRA Model-Based Risk Analysis
MBSE Model-Based Systems Engineering
MCDA Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis
MDA® Model-Driven Architecture
ME Mission Engineering
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MOD Ministry of Defence
MODAF Ministry of Defence Architecture Framework (UK)
MOE Measure of Effectiveness
MOP Measure of Performance
MOS Mean Opinion Score
MOSES Model Oriented Systems Engineering
MPT (1)Methods, Processes, and Tools

(2)Methodologies, Processes, and Technologies

MRAR Mishap Risk Assessment Report
MRL Manufacturing Readiness Level
MRM Manufacturing Resource Management
MS Meta-System
MSA Measurement System Analysis
MSL Mean Sea Level
MSRB Management Safety Review Board
MSTI Miniature Seeker Technology Integration
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
MTTR Mean Time to Repair
NAHB National Association of Home Builders
NAO National Audit Office (UK)
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA)
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NDI Non-Developmental Item
NDIA National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA)
NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
NERC North American Electric Reliability Corporation
NETMA NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology (USA)
NLP Neuro-Linguistic Programming
NOAA National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Agency
NPD New Product Development
NPDP New Product Development Process
NSA National Security Agency
NSD New service Development
NSOI Narrower System-of-Interest
NSPE National Society of Professional Engineers
NSTISSI National Security Telecommunications Information Systems Security Issuance
NTIA National Telecommunications and Information Administration (USA)
O&S Operations and Support
OAM&P Operations, Administration, Management, and provisioning
OCR Operations Commitment Review
OECD Organization for Economic Co-Operative Development
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
OGC (1)Office of Government Commerce (UK)

(2) Open Geospatial Consortium

OITL Operator in the Loop
OMC Operation/Maintenance/Closeout
OMG Object Management Group
OODA Observe, Orient, Decide, and Act
OPD Object Process Diagram
OPL Object Process Language
OPM Object Process Methodology
OR Operations Research
ORMS Operations Research and Management Science
OSAT On-site Acceptance Test
OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense (USA)
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (USA)
OSM Office of Spectrum Management
OSS Operations Support Systems
OT&E Operational Test and Evaluation
OTP Operations Technical Plan
OWL Web Ontology Language
P&L Profit and Loss
P3I Pre-Planned Production Improvement
PaaS Platform as a System
PAPL Program/Project Approved Parts List
PBD Physical Block Diagram
PBSE Pattern-Based Systems Engineering
P-CMM People Capability Maturity Mode
PD Product Development
PDCA Plan, Do, Check, Act
PDF Portable Document Format
PDR Preliminary Design Review
PERA Purdue Enterprise Reference Architecture
PESTEL Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal
PEVQ Perceptual Evaluation of Video Quality
PfM Portfolio Management
PFR Problem Failure Report
PHS&T Packaging, Handling, Storage, and Transportation
PM (1) Project Management

(2) Project Manager

PMBOK™ Project Management Body of Knowledge
PM/FI Performance Monitoring/Fault Location
PMI Project Management Institute
PMP (1) Project Management Professionals

(2) Project Management Plan

PMO Project Management Office
PMP Parts, Materials, and Processes
PMPCB PMP Control Board
PNT Positioning, Navigation and Timing
POET Political, Operational, Economic, and Technical
POM Proof of Manufacture
PQMI Process Quality Management and Improvement
PQT Production Qualification Testing
PRR Production Readiness Review
PSE Product Systems Engineering
PSM Practical Software and Systems Measurement
PSQM Perceptual Speech Quality Measure
PSS (1)Product-Service System

(2)Problem Solution System

PT Product Team
PUB Public Utilities Board (Singapore)
QAS Quality Assurance System
QFD Quality Function Deployment
QoE Quality of Experience
QoS Quality of Service
QVT Query View Transformations
R&D Research and Development
R&M Reliability and Maintainability
RAA Responsibility, Authority, and Accountability
RACI Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, Informed
RAM Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability
RAMS Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, and Safety
RAMSS Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, Safety, and Security
RARA Roles, Authorities, Responsibilities, and Accountabilities
RB Radio-communication Bureau
RBD Reliability Block Diagram
RCM Reliability Centered Maintenance
RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (USA)
RDF Resource Description Framework
REA Responsible Engineering Authority
REACH Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals
REP Risk Element Plan
ReqIF Requirements Interchange Format
RF Radio Frequency
RFP Request For Proposal
RHP Risk Handling Plan
RMP Risk Management Plan
RMT Reliability, Maintenance, and Testability
RNT Resilient Navigation and Timing
RoHS Restriction on Hazardous Substances (USA)
ROI Return on Investment
ROSE Risk-Oriented Systems Engineering
RR Radio Regulations
RRB Radio Regulations Board
RSG Radio-communication Study Groups
RUP Rational Unified Process
SaaS Software as a Service
SADT Structured Analysis Design Technique
SAE Society of Automotive Engineers
SAE Society of Automotive Engineers
SART System Analysis & Real Time
SBA Service-Based Application
SBD Set-Based Design
SBS System Breakdown Structure
SCM Software Configuration Management
ScSE Service-Centric Systems Engineering
SD Systems Dynamics
SDO Standards Development Organization
SDLC Service Development Life Cycle
SDP Service Design Process
SE Systems Engineering
SEAC Systems Engineering Assessment and Control
SEBoK Systems Engineering Body of Knowledge
SeCSE Service Centric Systems Engineering
SEI Software Engineering Institute
SEIT Systems Engineering and Integration Team
SEM Systems Engineering Management
SEMP Systems Engineering Management Plan
SEP Systems Engineering Plan
SFR System Functional Review
SGIP Smart Grid Interoperability Panel
SIS Software-Intensive System
SKLTS Standard Korean Light Transit System
SLA Service Level Agreement
SLDC Services Development Life Cycle
SLE Service Life Extension
SLEP Service Life Extension Program
SLM Service Level Management
SLOC Source Lines of Code
SLR Service Level Requirement
SMC Systems, Man, and Cybernetics
SOA Service Oriented Architecture
SOAD Service Oriented Analysis and Design/Decision Modeling
SoI System-of-Interest
SOMA Service Oriented Modeling and Architectures
SOLE Society of Logistics Engineers
SOMA Service Oriented Modeling and Architecture
SOO Statement of Objectives
SOP Service Operations Plan
SoS System of Systems
SoSE System of Systems Engineering
SOSM Systems of Systems Methodology
SOW Statement of Work
SPAC Spectrum Planning and Policy Advisory Committee
SPC Statistical Process Control
SPM Service Performance Measure
SRA Strategic Rail Authority (UK)
SRD Service Requirements Document
SRL System Readiness Level
SRR System Requirements Review
SSDP Service Systems Development Process
SSE (1) Service Systems Engineering

(2) Security Systems Engineering

SSEMP System Security Engineering Management Plan
SSM Soft Systems Methodology
SSME Service System Management and Engineering
SSP (1) Source Selection Plan

(2) System Security Plan

SSPP System Safety Program Plan
SSS Service Support Systems
STAMP System-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes
STEEPLED Social, Technical, Economic, Environmental, Political, Legal, Ethical and Demographic
STI Science, Technology, and Industry Forum
STP Strategic Technical Planning
SVR System Verification Review
SWCI Software Configuration Item
SwE Software Engineering
SWEBOK Software Engineering Body of Knowledge
SWG Safety Working Group
SWIL Software in the Loop
SWOT Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats Analysis
SwSE Software Systems Engineering
SysML Systems Modeling Language
TCSE Telecommunication Systems Engineering
TM Technical Management
TOC Total Ownership Cost
TOGAF The Open Group Architecture Framework
TOVE Toronto Virtual Enterprise (Canada)
TPM Technical Performance Measure
TPS Toyota Production System
TQM Total Quality Management
TRL Technology Readiness Level
TRR Technical Readiness Review
TSE Traditional Systems Engineering
TSI Total Systems Intervention
TSP Technology and Standards Planning
UC Use Case
UK United Kingdom
UL Underwriters Laboratory
UML Unified Modeling Language
UN United Nations
UPDM Unified Profile for DoDAF and MODAF
US United States
USAF United States Air Force
USB Universal Serial Bus
V&V Verification and Validation
VCF Virtual Case File
VERAM Virtual Enterprise Reference Architecture and Methodology
VHDL VHSIC Hardware Description Language
VHSIC Very-High-Speed Integration Circuit
VIN Vehicle Identification Number
WBS Work Breakdown Structure
WCML West Coast Main Line (UK)
WCRM West Coast Route Modernisation (UK)
WIP Work in Progress
WGS84 World Geodetic System 1984
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WRC World Radio-communication Conference
WS Web Services 2.0
WSOI Wider System-of-Interest
WS-PBEL Web Services Business Process Execution Language
WWII World War II
WWW World Wide Web
XMI XML Metadata Interchange
XML Extensible Markup Language
SEBoK v. 2.9, released 20 November 2023