Architecting Principles for Systems-of-Systems
Maier, M.W. 1998. "Architecting Principles for Systems-of-Systems." Systems Engineering. 1 (4): 267-284.
This source is considered a primary reference for the following articles:
- Types of Systems
- Groupings of Systems
- Systems of Systems (SoS)
Maier examined the meaning of SoS in detail and used a characterization approach to create a definition (Maier 1998, 267-284). In this paper, the five characteristics of, or criteria for, systems of systems (SoS) are defined. It is the most frequently cited paper for SoS definition.